Emerging of Pistachio in Iran goes back to Achaemenid era about 4000 to 5000 years ago. It is considered that pistachio wild forests, domesticated about 3 to 4 thousand years ago, and then cultivated and spread worldwide, especially to the countries around the Mediterranean Sea. The first origin of pistachio is attributed to the time of the Achaemenids and Kerman regions. after Islam Qom was introduced as a fertilizing pistachio area. Iranian pistachio, based on the historical background, transportation and production area was labeled to the same location name like Damghani, Qazvini, Ravar, Sabzevar and Qomi pistachio. Pistachios are also divided according to their appearance such as Momtaz (smiling), Baluchi, kalleQuchi, white pistachio, green pistachio and Khanjari. Various pistachios have different arrival times.some are early (late August) and some late(early September) arriving types. Pistachio is a tropical fruit. It was named in 1737 by a spanish man named (Linnaeus) as its scientific name (anacardiacae). Unlike pistachio, almond and walnut trees are dioeciously, male and female. Pistachio is a kind of fruit that one year is fruitful and next year has less fruit. The pistachio tree in Greek, Latin, European, Arabic, Turkish, Russian, Japanese, and other languages has their names derived from its Iranian name. The tree, when first came to Iran, was named "Pistaco" and then changed to Pesteh. Based on an ancient Persians story Zahhak named iranian as "Pistachio Eater Persians" and "Part men" have been described pistachio as edible, energizing, nourishing and a low calorie nut consumed since their childhood. Legend has it that the Queen of Sheba decreed pistachios an exclusively royal food, going so far as to forbid commoners from growing the nut for personal use. Nebuchadnezzar, the ancient king of Babylon, had pistachio trees planted in his fabled hanging gardens. And in the first century A.D., the Emperor Vitellius debuted this prized nut in his capital city of Rome. According to Moslem legend, the pistachio nut was one of the foods brought to Earth by Adam.

Intresting Pistachio Facts!